The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools, controlled and managed by Union Government of India. CBSE has asked all schools affiliated to follow only NCERT curriculum.
There are approximately 20,299 schools in India and 220 schools in 28 foreign countries affiliated to the CBSE.
Formation: 3 November 1962 (57 years ago)
Type: Governmental Board of Education
Headquarters: New Delhi, India
Official Language: Hindi, English
Chairperson: Manoj Ahuja, IAS
Parent organisation: Ministry of Human Resource Development
Affiliations: 21,499 schools (2019)
Website: Central Board of Secondary Education
History of CBSE
The first education board to be set up in India was the Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education in 1921, which was under jurisdiction of Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior.
In 1929, the government of India set up a joint Board named "Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana". This included Ajmer, Merwara, Central India and Gwalior. Later it was confined to Ajmer, Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh. In 1952, it became the "Central Board of Secondary Education".
Affiliations of CBSE
CBSE affiliates all Kendriya Vidyalayas, all Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, private schools and most of the schools approved by central government of India.
Examinations of CBSE
CBSE conducts the final examinations for Class 10 and Class 12 every year in the month of March. The results are announced by the end of May. The board earlier conducted the AIEEE Examination for admission to undergraduate courses in engineering and architecture in colleges across India. However the AIEEE exam was merged with the IIT-Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) in 2013. The common examination is now called JEE (Main) and is henceforth conducted by National Testing Agency.
CBSE also conducts AIPMT (All India Pre Medical Test) for admission to major medical colleges in India. In 2014, the conduct of the National Eligibility Test for grant of junior research fellowship and eligibility for assistant professor in institutions of higher learning was outsourced to CBSE.
Apart from these tests, CBSE also conducts the Central Teacher Eligibility Test and the Class X optional proficiency test. With the addition of NET in 2014, the CBSE has become the largest exam conducting body in the world.
On 10 November 2017, the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, cleared a proposal for creation of a National Testing Agency (NTA) serving as the premier autonomous body for conducting entrance examinations in the country.
Beginning in 2018 various exams previously conducted by the CBSE were transferred to the NTA including National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate), Joint Entrance Examination – Main, National Eligibility Test, Central Universities Common Entrance Test and others.
Promotion criteria of CBSE
For promotion from Secondary level (Class IX-X) to Senior Secondary level (Class XI-XII), a student must obtain, for all subjects (or best 5 if 6 subjects are taken), 33% overall, without any minimum theory mark requirement.
Originally, the passing criteria was set such that a student had to get 33% in both the theory and practical components.
However, an exemption was initially granted for students writing the exam in 2018 as they went through the old CCE system in the previous year.
However, CBSE later extended this relief for students writing the exam from 2019 and later as well.
For a student who does not manage to pass up to two subjects, he/she can write the compartment in those subjects in July. For those who fail the compartment, or those who fail in three subjects or more, he/she must rewrite all the subjects taken in the next year.
For class 12 students the promotion criteria is 33% overall, with 33% in both theory and practical examinations (if applicable).
For a student who does not manage to pass in exactly one subject, he/she can write the compartment for that subject in July. For those who fail the compartment, or those who fail in two subjects or more, he/she must rewrite all the subjects taken in the next year.
Grading System of CBSE
For the Class 10 and Class 12 exams, CBSE (along with the marks obtained) includes the positional grade obtained by the student, which is dependent on the average performance of the students in that subject. Consequently, the cutoffs required to obtain a particular grade vary every year.
|A1||Top 1/8 of passed students in that subject|
|A2||Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject|
|B1||Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject|
|B2||Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject|
|C1||Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject|
|C2||Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject|
|D1||Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject|
|D2||Last 1/8 of passed students in that subject|
|E||Failed students (in either theory, practical or overall)|
Changes for 2020 Exam
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will conduct two separate examinations for mathematics in class 10 board examination starting from 2020 session. The current Mathematics exam is now Mathematics Standard, and an easier version of Mathematics has been introduced (called Mathematics Basic). Students taking the latter version may not study Mathematics to any further level.
The option of choosing mathematics will be mentioned in the registration form for class 10 CBSE board examination. Candidates will be required to select their choice of test while filling the registration form for CBSE Class 10 board examination 2020.
Minister of Human Resource Development (HRD) amid the coronavirus outbreak had ordered rescheduling of pending examinations. The exams rescheduled were to be conducted between 1 and 15 July.
On 26 June, CBSE released as circular which cancelled the remaining exams and give scores based on internal exams and scores in other schools. This decision came after a judicial ruling.
2018 Question Paper Leak
In March 2018, there were reports that CBSE Class 10 mathematics and Class 12 economics question papers were leaked.
In response, CBSE announced that these exams will be cancelled and re-exams will be conducted. However, CBSE later announced that there will be no re-exam for Class 10 mathematics paper because the paper leak may have been confined to a few alleged beneficiaries.
On 7 April 2018, Rakesh Kumar (an economics teacher) and two other employees of a private school in Una, Himachal Pradesh were arrested for leaking the Class 12 economics paper.
According to the police, Rakesh Kumar had gone inside the strong room of a bank to pick up packets of computer science question papers but also picked up a packet of economics question paper.
He asked a student to make a handwritten copy of the question paper (to avoid being traced from the handwriting).
He then sent photos of the handwritten copy of the paper on WhatsApp to a relative in Punjab.
This relative shared the photos with her son and nephew, who shared them with their friends on WhatsApp groups, from where it was forwarded to other Whatsapp groups.
On 12 April 2018, the police said that Rakesh Kumar, who leaked the class 12 economics paper, had leaked class 10 mathematics paper also.
Consequently, the Central Board of Secondary Education has put in place a system of "encrypted" question papers, which are supposed to be printed by the schools half an hour before the exam starts.
Regional offices of CBSE
Presently CBSE has 10 regional offices:
- Delhi: Covering NCT of Delhi and Foreign Schools.
- Chennai: Covering Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh,
- Daman and Diu, Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu and Telangana.
- Guwahati: Covering Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.
- Ajmer: Covering Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
- Panchkula: Covering Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab.
- Allahabad: Covering Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
- Patna: Covering Bihar and Jharkhand.
- Bhubaneswar: Covering Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal.
- Thiruvananthapuram: Covering Kerala and Lakshadweep.
- Dehradun: Covering Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.