The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Colleges) are an autonomous public technical and research university located in India and are among the most reputable institutes of technology in the world.
They are governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961, which has declared them as institutions of national importance and lays down their powers, duties, and framework for governance. The Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 lists twenty-three institutes.
Each IIT is autonomous, linked to the others through a common council (IIT Council), which oversees their administration. The Minister of Human Resource Development is the ex officio Chairperson of the IIT Council. As of 2018, the total number of seats for undergraduate programs in all IIT Colleges is 11,279. The only major requirement to admit to these institutions is to pass the JEE Advanced.
List of Total IIT Colleges And Website
List of IIT Colleges in India in 2020 And Their Location
|No.||Name||Abbreviation||Founded||Established as IIT||Campus Area||State/UT|
|1||IIT Kharagpur||IITKGP||1951||850 ha (2,100 acres)||West Bengal|
|2||IIT Bombay||IITB||1958||220 ha (550 acres)||Maharashtra|
|3||IIT Madras||IITM||1959||250 ha (617 acres)||Tamil Nadu|
|4||IIT Kanpur||IITK||1959||450 ha (1,100 acres)||Uttar Pradesh|
|5||IIT Delhi||IITD||1961||132 ha (325 acres)||Delhi|
|6||IIT Guwahati||IITG||1994||280 ha (700 acres)||Assam|
|7||IIT Roorkee||IITR||1847||2001||148 ha (365 acres)||Uttarakhand|
|8||IIT Ropar||IITRPR||2008||203 ha (501 acres)||Punjab|
|9||IIT Bhubaneswar||IITBBS||2008||379 ha (936 acres)||Odisha|
|10||IIT Gandhinagar||IITGN||2008||160 ha (400 acres)||Gujarat|
|11||IIT Hyderabad||IITH||2008||2015||233 ha (576 acres)||Telangana|
|12||IIT Jodhpur||IITJ||2008||345 ha (852 acres)||Rajasthan|
|13||IIT Patna||IITP||2008||203 ha (501 acres)||Bihar|
|14||IIT Indore||IITI||2009||208 ha (515 acres)||Madhya Pradesh|
|15||IIT Mandi||IITMandi||2009||218 ha (538 acres)||Himachal Pradesh|
|16||IIT (BHU) Varanasi||IIT (BHU)||1919||2012||530 ha (1,300 acres)||Uttar Pradesh|
|17||IIT Palakkad||IITPKD||2015||2015||204 ha (505 acres)||Kerala|
|18||IIT Tirupati||IITTP||2015||221.81 ha (548.11 acres)||Andhra Pradesh|
|19||IIT (ISM) Dhanbad||IIT (ISM)||1926||2016||280 ha (680 acres)||Jharkhand|
|20||IIT Bhilai||IITBH||2016||2016||175 ha (432 acres)||Chhattisgarh|
|21||IIT Goa||IITGOA||2016||2016||130 ha (320 acres)||Goa|
|22||IIT Jammu||IITJMU||2016||2016||160 ha (400 acres)||Jammu and Kashmir|
|23||IIT Dharwad||IITDH||2016||2016||190 ha (470 acres)||Karnataka|
History of IIT's
The history of the IIT colleges system dates back to 1946 when Sir Jogendra Singh of the Viceroy's Executive Council set up a committee whose task was to consider the creation of Higher Technical Institutions for post-war industrial development in India.
The 22-member committee, headed by Nalini Ranjan Sarkar, recommended the establishment of these institutions in various parts of India, along the lines of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, with affiliated secondary institutions.
The first Indian Institute of Technology was founded in May 1950 at the site of the Hijli Detention Camp in Kharagpur, West Bengal. The name "Indian Institute of Technology" was adopted before the formal inauguration of the institute on 18 August 1951 by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
On 15 September 1956, the Parliament of India passed the Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur) Act, declaring it as an Institute of National Importance. Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister of India, in the first convocation address of IIT Kharagpur in 1956 said:
Here in the place of that Hijli Detention Camp stands the fine monument of India, representing India's urges, India's future in the making. This picture seems to me symbolical of the changes that are coming to India.
On the recommendations of the Sarkar Committee, four campuses were established at Bombay (1958), Madras (1959), Kanpur (1959), and Delhi (1961). The location of these campuses was chosen to be scattered throughout India to prevent regional imbalance. The Indian Institutes of Technology Act was amended to reflect the addition of new IIT colleges.
Student agitations in the state of Assam made Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi promise the creation of a new IIT in Assam. This led to the establishment of a sixth institution at Guwahati under the Assam Accord in 1994. In 2001, the University of Roorkee, India's oldest engineering college, was converted into IIT Roorkee.
Over the past few years, there have been a number of developments toward establishing new IITs. On October 1, 2003, Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced plans to create more IITs "by upgrading existing academic institutions that have the necessary promise and potential".
Subsequent developments led to the formation of the S K Joshi Committee, in November 2003, to guide the selection of the five institutions which would be converted into IITs. Based on the initial recommendations of the Sarkar Committee, it was decided that new IITs should be spread throughout the country.
When the government expressed its willingness to correct this regional imbalance, 16 states demanded IITs. Since the S K Joshi Committee prescribed strict guidelines for institutions aspiring to be IITs, only seven colleges were selected for final consideration.
Plans are also reported to open IITs outside India, although there has not been much progress in this regard. Eventually in the 11th Five year plan, eight states were identified for establishment of new IITs. In 2008 and 2009, eight new IITs were set up in Gandhinagar, Jodhpur, Hyderabad, Indore, Patna, Bhubaneswar, Ropar, and Mandi. Following same selection process since 1972, in 2012 the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University was made a member of the IITs.
In 2015 to 2016, six new IITs in Tirupati, Palakkad, Dharwad, Bhilai, Goa and Jammu, approved through a 2016 bill amendment, were founded, along with the conversion of ISM Dhanbad into IIT Dhanbad.
The entire allocation by the central government for 2017-18 budget for all Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) was slightly over ₹70 billion (US$980 million). However, the aggregate money spent by Indian students for tertiary education in the United States was about six times more than what the central government spends on all IITs.
Organisational Structure of IIT Colleges
The President of India is the most powerful person in the organisational structure of Indian Institutes of Technology, being the ex officio Visitor, and having residual powers.
Directly under the President is the IIT Council, which comprises the minister-in-charge of technical education in the Union Government, the Chairmen of all IITs, the Directors of all IITs, the Chairman of the University Grants Commission, the Director General of CSIR, the Chairman of IISc, the Director of IISc, three members of Parliament, the Joint Council Secretary of Ministry of Human Resource and Development, and three appointees each of the Union Government, AICTE, and the Visitor.
Under the IIT Council is the Board of Governors of each IIT. Under the Board of Governors is the Director, who is the chief academic and executive officer of the IIT.
Under the Director, in the organisational structure, comes the Deputy Director. Under the Director and the Deputy Director, come the Deans, Heads of Departments, Registrar, President of the Students' Council, and Chairman of the Hall Management Committee. The Registrar is the chief administrative officer of the IIT and overviews the day-to-day operations.
Below the Heads of Department (HOD) are the faculty members (Professors, Associate Professors, and Assistant Professors). The Wardens come under the Chairman of the Hall Management Committee.