Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, also known as National Institute of Technology, Bhopal (NIT Bhopal, NIT-B), is a public technical university located in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. It is part of the group of publicly funded institutions in India known as National Institutes of Technology. It is named after the Independent India's first Minister of Education, scholar and independence activist Abul Kalam Azad who is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad.
Established in the year 1960 as Maulana Azad College of Technology (MACT) or Regional Engineering College (REC), Bhopal, it became a National Institute of Technology in 2002 and was recognized as an Institute of National Importance under the NIT Act in 2007. The Institute is fully funded by Ministry of Human Resource Development, the Government of India is governed by the NIT Council.
It offers bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees in science, technology, engineering, architecture and management.
Key Description of MANIT
Other Names: National Institute of Technology, Bhopal
Former Names: Maulana Azad College of Technology; Regional Engineering College, Bhopal
Motto in English: Vidya Param Bhushanam
Type: Public technical university
Chairperson: Prof. (Dr.) Bhim Singh
Academic Staff: 308
Doctoral Students: 80
Location: Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Campus: Urban, spread over 650 acres (2.6 km2)
History of MANIT:
MANIT was started in 1960 as Maulana Azad College of Technology (MACT), named after the first Minister of Education of India, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. MACT started functioning in 1960 at Govt S.V. Polytechnic with an intake of 120 students and seven faculty members. It was one of the first eight Regional Engineering Colleges started during the second five-year plan (1956-1960) in India, where the main focus was development of the public sector and rapid industrialization.
To ensure enough supply of trained personnel to meet the demand for these projects, a decision was taken to start the Regional Engineering Colleges (RECs), at the rate of one per each major state, which can churn out graduates with good engineering merit. Thus, seventeen RECs were established from 1959 onward in each of the major states. Each college was a joint and cooperative enterprise of the central government and the concerned state government. MACT was one of the first 8 REC's to be established in each region in India. It was established in the Western Region along with Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur and Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat.
It first operated from the Swami Vivekananda Polytechnic with Mr.S.R. Beedkar, Principal of Swami Vivekananda Polytechnic as the planning officer of the institute. The foundation stone of the Institute building was laid by the then Prime Minister late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 23 April 1961. The Institute Progressed into the higher level of an education center in the steady development of infrastructure as well as academics. Shri J.N.Moudgill became the first principal of MACT in 1962. 5-years degree program in Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering was started. In 1963, the five-year Bachelor of Architecture was started as well. In 1964, Institute is shifted to its own building which is its present campus. As the necessity of science and technology kept on growing, more undergraduate program kept on getting added which were- Electronics and Communications Engineering in 1972, Computer Science and Engineering in 1986, Information Technology in 2001 (later merged with Computer Science and Engineering in 2013 and 3-year Master of Computer Applications (MCA) in 1988.
The success of technology-based industry led to high demand for technical and scientific education. During the Premiership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the then Minister of Human Resource Development, Murli Manohar Joshi decided to upgrade all "Regional Engineering Colleges" to "National Institutes of Technology" that shall be funded by the Central Government itself. Hence, in 2002, all REC's became NIT's and MACT became Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology (MANIT). In the same year, MANIT was granted deemed university status. With this advancement, the World Bank assisted "Technical Education Quality Improvement Program" started in 2003, for the rapid academic and infrastructural growth of the college. In addition to engineering programs, an MBA program as well commenced from 2006. The Government of India in 2007 passed the NIT Act as per which MANIT was declared an Institute of National Importance.
The NIT Council is the governing body of India's National Institutes of Technology (NIT) system. The NIT Council is each NIT's Board of Governors.
Campus and Infrastructure of NIT Bhopal
MANIT is spread over 650 acres which makes it one of the largest NITs in India in terms of total campus area. The entire campus consists of administrative and academic buildings, workshops, library and community centers, residential accommodations for students and staff and other general amenities such as Post Office, a Bank with ATM, Shopping complex, a School for children, medical care unit, an auditorium with the capacity of 1000 persons and sports complex with vast expand of open area. An official branch of the State Bank of India also operates from the main campus. The campus is divided into three sections and facilities are given below:-
- Total Area of academic block 265 hectares.
- Total building area of Offices 250 sq. m.
- A computer center.
- A dispensary.
- The Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Auditorium with a seating capacity of
- 1000 persons.
- Institute Cafeteria, Amul parlor, Nescafé huts, fast food court.
- A gymnastic hall.
- Football ground, Track and field's ground; cricket ground, basketball grounds and volleyball court.
- Sports complex with indoor games facilities such as table tennis,chess,badminton, and meditation hall.
- Built-in area of Hostels 14011 sq.m.
- 9 Boys Hostels (hostel no. 1-11, except hostel no. 7)
- 2 Girls Hostels ( hostel no. 7 and faculty guest house)
- Each hostel has indoor and outdoor games facilities.
- Built-in Area of Staff Quarters 25,116 sq. m.
- Total 369 numbers of staff Quarters
- Children park
- Officers club
- Artificial lake "Lotus Lake" and MANIT Boat Club
- Faculty/officer quarters
- Bachelor flats
- VIP Guest House
- Faculty Guest House
Academics of NIT Bhopal
MANIT has various academic departments with a wide range of courses. The department at MANIT are as follows:
Architecture and Planning
- Biological Science and Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Computer Science and Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Electronics and Communication Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering
1. Applied Mathematics
3. Computer Applications
- Management Studies
MANIT offers the following undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral degrees:
- Bachelor of Technology
- Bachelor of Architecture
- Bachelor of Planning
- Master of Technology
- Master of Business Administration
- Master of Planning
- Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
- Master of Computer Applications
- All course work and examinations for all majors and subjects are conducted with English language as the mode of instruction.
Admission to undergraduate courses is through the national level engineering entrance examination – through the Joint Entrance Examination - Main. The selection is very tough as only top 5% of the applicant are able to secure admissions. Prior to the JEE Main, admission to MANIT was through the All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE), until 2013.
For NRI's and foreign nationals, the admission is conducted through DASA (Direct Admissions for Students Abroad) where a qualifying score of the SAT Subject Test in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics is required. Other than DASA, other scholarships programs for admission are provided through the Indian Council for Cultural
Relations. A number of students from different countries such as Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman, UAE etc. take admission into the institute every year.
Postgraduate programs conduct selection of students through Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering for the MTech program and through NIT MCA Common Entrance Test for the MCA program. Admission to the MBA program is through the Common Admission Test.
Ranking NIT Bhopal
MANIT is ranked 65 among engineering colleges of India by National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) in 2020.
- Ajit Jogi - First chief minister of Chhattisgarh; member of the Indian National Congress
- P. C. Sharma- Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation(2001-2003), Cabinet Minister of Madhya Pradesh State Government(Law and Legal Affairs Department, Public Relations Department, Science and Technology Department, Department of Civil Aviation)
- Rambabu Kodali - Pro-Vice Chancellor of Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology
- Suresh Pachouri - veteran member of the Indian National Congress
- Naveen Polishetty - Indian Film and Television actor in the Telugu and Hindi language films
- Rajeev Verma - Noted Indian Film and Television Actor
- Satish Kumar Sharma - Chairman and Managing Director of Nuclear Power Corporation of India
- Santosh Choubey - Founder and Chairman AISECT and Chancellor
- AISECT Group of Universities including Rabindranath Tagore University
- Abhishek Ghorpade - Khabri and Chimkandi's Husband
- Govind Sarathe - Founder and CEO of PaperBrahma